Health&Fitness

COVID-19: How To Reduce Risk In The Holiday Season

Many Nigerians are expected to travel during the Christmas holiday season. Photo by Benson Ibeabuchi/AFP via Getty Images Doyin Odubanjo, Nigerian Academy of Science During the festive season, travel and gatherings are sometimes unavoidable, even in a global pandemic. Dr Doyin Odubanjo, Executive Secretary of the Nigerian Academy of Science and a past chairman of the Association of Public Health ...

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Where COVID-19 Has Left Nigeria’s Health System

The Nigerian government struggles to contain COVID-19 while other diseases suffer some measure of neglect Photo by Kola Sulaimon/AFP via Getty Images Doyin Odubanjo, Nigerian Academy of Science Over nine months into COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria, there are concerns about how well the country has managed the pandemic. Adejuwon Soyinka, from The Conversation Africa, asked Dr Doyin Odubanjo, executive secretary ...

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Childhood Sex Education Reduces Risky Sexual Behaviour: A Nigerian Case Study

Getty Images Aloysius Odii, University of Nigeria and Nkechi G. Onyeneho, University of Nigeria The World Health Organisation has marked significant improvements in some aspects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Young people are having their first sexual encounters at a later age and are more likely to use condoms. But HIV infections in this age group are not decreasing ...

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Misinformation On Social Media Fuels Vaccine Hesitancy: A Global Study Shows The Link

A substantial proportion of people may refuse or delay taking a COVID-19 vaccine. Shutterstock Steven Lloyd Wilson, Brandeis University and Charles Shey Wiysonge, South African Medical Research Council Vaccine hesitancy is a severe threat to global health, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). The term refers to the delay in acceptance or the refusal of vaccines, despite the availability ...

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Six Diseases Caused By Lack Of Sleep

The importance of getting a good night’s sleep–normally between six to eight hours–should never be underestimated. Sleep is essential, as it affects how we feel, look, and perform on a daily basis. While we sleep, the body is conducting a number of activities, including growth, cell repair, and boosting the immune system. Not to mention, sleep restores energy and impacts our ...

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COVID-19 Vaccine Trials In Africa: What’s Promising, And What’s Problematic

Shutterstock Benjamin Kagina, University of Cape Town Scientists are working around the clock to develop and test vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19. Experts agree that widespread use of safe and effective vaccines will rapidly contain the COVID-19 pandemic, preventing transmission and disease. A key step in the process of any vaccine development is clinical testing, which involves ...

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How Theatre Can Help Young Nigerians Who Are Living With HIV

Shutterstock Taiwo Afolabi, University of Regina Nasarawa state in the north-central region of Nigeria is known for agriculture, salt mining and one of the higher waterfalls in Africa. It has also consistently registered one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in Nigeria with an HIV prevalence of 7.5% compared to the national average of 4.1%. As part of a strategy ...

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Is Belief In God A Delusion?

Hassan Saleh/Unsplash, FAL Ryan McKay, Royal Holloway and Robert Ross, Macquarie University As the pandemic raged in April, churchgoers in Ohio defied warnings not to congregate. Some argued that their religion conferred them immunity from COVID-19. In one memorable CNN clip, a woman insisted she would not catch the virus because she was “covered in Jesus’ blood”. Some weeks later, ...

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Pfizer Ends COVID-19 Trial With 95% Efficiency, Deliveries To Start Before Christmas

Pfizer Inc PFE.N and BioNTech 22UAy.DE could secure emergency U.S. and European authorization for their COVID-19 vaccine next month after final trial results showed it had a 95% success rate and no serious side effects, the drugmakers said on Wednesday. The vaccine’s efficacy was found to be consistent across different ages and ethnicities – a promising sign given the disease ...

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Pfizer Vaccine: What An ‘Efficacy Rate Above 90%’ Really Means

F8 Studio/Shutterstock Zania Stamataki, University of Birmingham There was – rightfully – a lot of excitement when Pfizer and BioNTech announced interim results from their COVID vaccine trial. The vaccine, called BNT162b2, was reported to have an “efficacy rate above 90%”. This was soon translated in the press to be 90% “effective” at preventing COVID-19. Efficacy, effectiveness – what’s the ...

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